Phonics & Reading


In the Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 phonics is taught following the Letters and Sounds programme. Letters and Sounds begins in Lower Foundation Stage with Phase 1, which involves listening to and matching sounds including everyday sounds within the environment. This moves onto Phase 2 which introduces the letter sounds and names of the alphabet. At this phase pupils are taught how to blend and segment sounds within words. Once pupils are confident with the letters and sounds of the alphabet they will be introduced to more complex sounds throughout Phase 3, 4 & 5. As pupils progress into Phase 6 spelling continues to be taught using Letters and Sounds and ‘Support for Spelling.’

Phonics is taught at the start of every day through a short 20 minute session, which follows a sequence of revisit, teach, practise and apply. Each phonics session provides pupils with the opportunity to practise and apply their phonic skills through reading and writing.

At the end of Year 1 pupils complete a statutory phonics screening check which assesses pupil’s phonic knowledge and ability to segment and blend sounds in order to read a range of real and nonsense words.


The teaching of reading is approached through a combination of Phonics and the Oxford Reading Tree Reading Scheme. We aim for all children to blend sounds confidently by the age of 6. We encourage the children to take their reading books home and read at home regularly. A high emphasis is placed upon reading with understanding and fluency. Children are encouraged to write book reviews and express opinions about what they read.

A range of high quality fiction and non-fiction books are available throughout the school for the children to read, listen to and enjoy. We believe that children who read widely become confident and expressive writers.